Discovering the Natural History of Trinidad and Tobago

It appeared all too predictable as I equipped for my travels to the Caribbean.

Vibrant turquoise water to swim in, white sandy seashores to walk alongside and fruity cocktails to accompany my journey was what initially got here to thoughts.

But as I stepped foot in Trinidad and Tobago, the predictable ideas I had of the islands rapidly modified.

While the surrounding ocean took on many shades of turquoise and hues of blue and the seashores positively resembled paradise, Trinidad and Tobago’s eco-system got here to the forefront of my travels.

Trinidad and Tobago, situated seven miles from the coast of Venezuela, boasts some of the richest pure communities of vegetation and animals in all of the Caribbean. While most of the nation’s ecology comes from South America, which makes the islands very distinctive, Trinidad and Tobago aren’t as endemic as the relaxation of the Caribbean islands. Since Trinidad and Tobago share many of the identical flora and fauna as South America’s mainland, it creates a really wealthy eco-systems and gives some of the finest eco-tourism adventures


Plant Life

With each rainforests and dry forests protecting Trinidad and Tobago, there are lots of totally different plant communities, which create very pure vegetation in dominant timber. The most visited forest to discover the classification of flora is the Main Ridge Rainforest situated in Tobago. It is the oldest protected reserve based in 1765 by the French and managed beneath the path of the Tobago House Assembly. While the nation protects the primarily Evergreen timber from destructions, which develop ramped in the Main Ridge Rainforest, the reserve is now a watershed that gives 99.9 p.c of all the water utilized in Tobago. The Main Ridge Rainforest is residence to varied endemic species of flora and fauna and a protected leisure spot by UNESCO—a should see when visiting Tobago.


Animal Life

From crab-eating raccoons to nine-banded armadillos and neo-tropical otters, Trinidad and Tobago have a giant group of mammals residing in forests and swamps all alongside the island. Some of the 108 varieties of mammals sound weird, however a tour by Caroni Swamp situated on the west coast of Trinidad, simply south of Port of Spain, may carry you face-to-face with one of these creatures. The Main Ridge Rainforest in Tobago can be a place to hunt out wild boars and agouti (much like, however bigger than a guinea pig). Monkeys will also be noticed in forests alongside the sides of roads all through Trinidad so cease alongside your travels and look in the timber. 

There are greater than 450 species of birds recorded and seen in Trinidad and Tobago. While most are typical birds from South America, Trinidad and Tobago are generally known as one of the few locations in the world to have such a giant hen sighting in such a small space—Tobago has greater than 200 species of birds on a 116 sq. miles of land. Many of the birds are very distinctive and uncommon to the islands and the finest place to observe birds, in addition to the Main Ridge Rainforest, is at Asa Wright Nature Center. Located in the Arima Valley of the Northern Mountain Range in Trinidad, this nature resort is a world-renowned lodge and birding website in the Caribbean. From numerous hummingbirds to honeycreepers, there have been greater than 150 species noticed in the forests at Asa Wright Nature Center. Caroni Swamp is one other nice placefor birding. Here you’ll get a great have a look at the Scarlet Ibis, Trinidad’s nationwide hen, flocking to a sand flat round sundown and feasting on their meals of alternative—shrimp. They are additionally joined by gulls and many different birds inside the Caroni Bird Santuary.

Reptiles and amphibians will be seen throughout Trinidad and Tobago. From vivid inexperienced iguanas climbing timber to lizards camouflaged in the bush, there are greater than 55 reptiles and 25 amphibians ranging in measurement and inside differing habitats. Snakes are additionally a well-liked sighting together with turtles and the potential caiman, which scare individuals half to demise. Caroni Swamp is a well-liked vacation spot to see giant boas coiled in timber or frogs hopping alongside the path of your tour. You may even get a peak of some of the reptiles and amphibians residing in Trinidad and Tobago in forests equivalent to Main Ridge Rainforest.

There are a number of invertebrates equivalent to the leaf cutter ant, which is well noticed on the islands consuming their approach by leaves of vegetation. But Trinidad and Tobago is residence greater than 620 species of butterflies. Located in additional tropical dry forests equivalent to Little Tobago, an island off the coast of Tobago, the vivid blue Emperor Butterfly will be noticed there. The Royal Botanical Garden in the outskirts of Port of Spain can be an space the place you will note many of the islands’ butterfly species flying alone or in swarms above your head.


Sea Life

The islands are identified to be a leisure vacation spot for sport fishing. Some of the fish that may be caught off the coast of Trinidad and Tobago embody large grouper, crimson snapper, kingfish and carite together with marlin, dolphin-fish and barracuda. Many of these fish are served contemporary in native eating places and cooked in lots of natives’ properties for households to feast on. There are additionally many fishing tournaments all through the yr. Diving amongst the fish can be a very talked-about exercise and will be performed in lots of components of the nation, however Speyside, situated in northern-eastern Tobago, is the hottest and accessilbe spot. From Speyside, you’ll bounce on a ship and taken to Little Tobago, an island off its coast, to dive amongst the most colourful of fish.

Marine turtles are additionally swimming in the oceans surrounding Trinidad and Tobago. There are three varieties—large leatherback, hawksbill and inexperienced—native to the islands. While swimming with the marine turtles is a well-liked exercise when visiting Trinidad and Tobago, there’s additionally the alternative to observe the nesting. If you occur to be visiting (or need to plan a visit) anytime between March and August is the mammals’ mating season. There are excursions to enroll in or sustainable journeys to participate in, which can provide you with the alternative to really watch the nesting course of of the feminine large leatherback turtles and probably participate in the conservation of these mammals.

At Matura Sea Turtle Nesting Site, an vital nesting seashore situated in the small city of Matura on the north-eastern coast of Trinidad, is the place most of the large leatherback nesting takes place annually—pure historical past of Trinidad and Tobago at its best.


Trinidad and Tobago’s eco-system is full of some of the richest pure communities to set it aside from the relaxation of the Caribbean.

To dive in and change into one with nature is an understatement when visiting these islands—Trinidad and Tobago present actions or excursions to go well with the adventurer in all of us.



Travel tip shared for Travel Dudes by Ashley

Disclaimer: Thanks to the Go Trinidad and Tobago for inviting Travel Dudes to Trinidad and Tobago. The images, phrases and opinions stay our personal.

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